CPNN (Culture of Peace News Network) bulletin of July 1, 2019

MASS PROTESTS AROUND THE WORLD

Around the world people are taking to the streets in nonviolent demonstrations to demand justice and democracy.

In some cases (Hong Kong, Russia and Algeria), the mass demonstrations have already led to some changes, while those in Kazakhstan, the Czech Republic, Sudan and Brazil have not yet achieved the desired results.

Hong KongAlmost two million people took to the streets in Hong Kong to protest a Chinese proposal that would enable the extradition to mainland China of Hong Kong residents and Chinese or foreign nationals traveling through the city. Critics believed it would tighten Beijing’s grip on the autonomous city, which is governed under a “one country, two systems” policy cemented during the British handover of Hong Kong in 1997. Opposition to the extradition bill came from broad sectors of society, including the business community, professionals, teachers, students, pro-democracy figures and religious groups.  As a result of the mass demonstrations, the bill was suspended. However, it has not been completely withdrawn and the Hong Kong leader, appointed by Mainland China, is stil in place despite calls for her resignation.

RussiaProtests broke out in Russia following the arrest of investigative journalist Ivan Golunov on trumped-up drug charges.  Golunov mainly publishes investigative reports exposing corruption, and Meduza, the online platform for which he writes, is one of the most widely read Russian-language media outlets in the world. After various smaller pro-Golunov rallies, thousands had planned to take to the streets on Wednesday June 12 in support of the journalist, even though authorities had not approved the protest. Golunov was released before then, however, following simultaneous publication by three top independent newspapers with the headline “We are Ivan Golunov.” As a result Russian Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev announced that those responsible for the arrest and charges will be fired.

Algeria. In April, following mass demonstrations, President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, who had been in power for several decades, was forced to resign. Mass protests have continued, however, demanding the resignation and prosecution of other figures from his government. Some arrests of corrupt former officials and businss people have been made but demonstrations continue demanding more prosectuions and a new government without links to the previous government of Bouteflika.

KazakhstanProtesters in Kazahstan continue to take to the streets following a snap election after the unexpected March resignation of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who had led the country since its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The protesters allege that the election to choose his successor was not free or fair, and, as expected, the hand-picked successor to Nazarbayev was elected.

Czech Republic. Hundreds of thousands of activists flooded the center of Prague on Sunday, June 23, in the culmination of anti-government protests against the government of Prime Minister Andrej Babis. Previously, some 400,000 people signed a petition calling on billionaire Prime Minister Andrej Babis to step down amid allegations of fraud. The rallies were triggered after Babis appointed a close ally as the country’s new justice minister at a time when prosecutors are deciding on a potential indictment against him.

Sudan. After the three-decade autocratic rule of President Omar al-Bashir ended in a military takeover in April, talks faltered in May between protesters and the ruling Transitional Military Council over a timetable for civilian rule. On 3 June, security forces and paramilitaries fired on pro-democracy protesters holding a sit-in outside army headquarters in the capital Khartoum, leaving a number of people dead and many more injured. Demonstrators in Sudan planned to return to the streets on Sunday, June 30, for mass rallies dubbed the “millions march“. [Update: “The revolution will not die.” That was the message from tens of thousands of protesters, as they poured into Sudan’s streets on June 30, demanding civilian rule.]

Brazil. Millions participated in the general strike in Brazil on 14 June, with demonstrations in 380 cities across the country. The strike had been called to reject the proposed counter-reform of the pension system by the Bolsonaro government, but also reflected opposition to education cuts, which had already brought millions onto the streets on 15 and 30 May. The Bolsonaro government was hit by revelations of collusion between the judge and the prosecution in the trial against former president Lula. The judge involved was then awarded the Ministry of Justice by Bolsonaro. There is also strong resistance to the Bolsonaro government’s policies regarding indigenous peoples and the environment and Bolsonaro’s attacks on the gay community.

Although there was police violence against protesters in Sudan and Kazakhstan, the protesters themselves were nonviolent in all the above cases. It is a good sign that people are taking to the streets rather than remaining passive in this moment of history with its many setbacks to democracy and the fact that they are nonviolent is especially important. As reported previously in CPNN, a research project on Nonviolent Resistance and Democratic Consolidation, based on 101 democratic transitions that occurred within the time period of 1945 to 2006 found that nonviolent resistance, including mass protest marches, is more effective than violent resistance in both the short term and the long term.

      

HUMAN RIGHTS

Hong Kong protesters march demanding leader resign

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Agroecology and peasant agriculture to preserve biodiversity

WOMEN’S EQUALITY


Peace through Tourism: Celebrating Her Awards

EDUCATION FOR PEACE

PAYNCoP Gabon organizes a conference on the challenges of building peace in Africa

DISARMAMENT AND SECURITY

Dr. Garbis Der-Yeghiayan Elected Chair of Rotary Middle East Initiative Council

FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION

 
Luanda Biennale: Pan-African Forum for the Culture of Peace

TOLERANCE AND SOLIDARITY

EDUCATION: Imagine programme helping to reconcile divided Cyprus

DEMOCRATIC PARTICIPATION

Restorative Justice in Brazil: Culture of Peace instead of Punishment

CPNN (Culture of Peace News Network) Bulletin of May 1, 2019

PRESS FREEDOM UNDER ATTACK

Freedom of the press is under attack around the world, with the biggest deterioration in North and South America. And the most spectacular and dangerous example is the arrest of Julian Assange of Wikileaks and the threat that he he may be extradited and tried by a kangaroo court in the United States.

According to Bruce Shapiro, the executive director of the Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma at Columbia University School of Journalism, the very essence of the press freedoms in the United States is under attack in the U.S. attempt to extradite and try Assange. He calls it an “attempt to criminalize investigative reporting.”

Not only freedom of the press, but also democracy, human rights and peace are under attack.

Daniel Ellsberg, himself the courageous whistle-blower of the Pentagon Papers that revealed the lies of the Vietnam War, puts it this way: “Without whistleblowers we would not have a democracy. And there have to be people to distribute work and publish it. Julian Assange has done that in a way in which other publishers have not been willing to. . . . it is now up to us to make sure that the First Amendment is preserved.”

United Nations experts, including the UN Special Rapporteur on extra-judicial executions, the UN independent expert on the right to privacy, and the UN Special Rapporteur on torture warned that the arrest and threatened extradition of Assange is a violation of his human rights, “including his freedom of expression, his right to a fair trial, and the prohibition of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”

An example of how Wikileaks revelations promoted democracy comes from Kenya. Writing in Al Jazeera, Patrick Gathara describes how a report about government corruption was suppressed by that same government, but was obtained and revealed by Julian Assange and Wikileaks. Gathara states that  “For once, Kenyans were afforded an unvarnished and detailed glimpse of the amount of national wealth that was being stolen by the very people tasked with protecting it.”

The list of Wikileaks evelations of government corruption is quite long, and it takes the journalist Alison Weir 8,000 words to describe them in the article we have reprinted in CPNN. Wikileads revealed “the U.S. government’s cover-up of torture, cruelty, the killing of civilians, spying on its own citizens and others. It exposed Democratic Party cheating and manipulation, the fraudulence of ‘Russiagate.’ It unmasked Israeli plans to keep Gaza on the brink of collapse, to use violence against Palestinian nonviolence, to make war upon civilians.” And the list could be even longer, if one includes examples like the corruption in Kenya mentioned above.

Although the United States is exerting pressure behind the scenes, the arrest was due to the actions of the governments of Ecuador and the UK.
For Noam Chomsky, it shows the global reach of the American empire: “why should the United States have the power to control what others are doing elsewhere in the world? I mean, it’s an outlandish situation. It goes on all the time.”

Fortunately, many people are taking positive steps to support Assange. In CPNN, we have carried several articles of support from Nobel Peace Laureate Mairead Maguire. On January 7 she nominated him for the Nobel Peace Prize. And after his arrest in April, she demanded the right to visit him in prison.

Mairead Maguire reminds us that the actions of Assange are an important contribution to peace: “By Julians courageous actions and others like him, we could see full well the atrocities of war. . . . I live in an era where people like Julian Assange, Edward Snowden, Chelsea Manning and anyone willing to open our eyes to the atrocities of war, is likely to be haunted like an animal by Governments, punished and silenced.  . . .. This man is paying a high price to end war and  for peace and nonviolence and we should all  remember that.”

      

FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION


2019 World Press Freedom Index – A cycle of fear

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Photo essay: Climate Change Protests Sweep Europe

WOMEN’S EQUALITY


UNCSW63’s positive outcomes for women’s human rights

EDUCATION FOR PEACE

National Campaign for Peace Education launched in Cameroon

DISARMAMENT AND SECURITY

Statement on Escalating Tensions in Venezuela Issued by the Caribbean Community

HUMAN RIGHTS

South Africa Launches Plan to Combat Xenophobia and Racism

TOLERANCE AND SOLIDARITY

Haiti – Dominican Republic : “For a culture of peace theme of the week of the diaspora

DEMOCRATIC PARTICIPATION

Benin: The Youth Movement for the Preservation of Peace and Democracy

CPNN (Culture of Peace News Network) bulletin of April 1, 2019

A GLOBAL YOUTH MOVEMENT ?

Millions of students went on strike from school on March 15 to pressure their governments to address seriously the problem of global warming. Photos from that day on CPNN show their demonstrations around the world: in the UK, Australia, Philippines, Sweden, Italy, Uganda, Belgium, USA, Canada, Portugal, Ukraine, Spain, Chile, Nigeria, France and Bangladesh.

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CPNN (Culture of Peace News Network) bulletin of March 1, 2019

VENEZUELA: WHAT IS HAPPENING?

The commercial media almost without exception continues to support the United States and dozens of its allies in its attacks on Venezuela. Hardly a culture of peace!

In order to present an alternative to this “war propaganda,” we review here a series of articles that give the other side.

We begin with critiques of the commercial media coverage.

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CPNN (Culture of Peace News Network) bulletin of February 1, 2019

SLOW NEWS: PEACE EDUCATION

Several years ago we updated the rules for CPNN articles to say that “unlike in the commercial media they do not have to be ‘breaking news.’ Instead, they may reflect the ‘slow news’ of processes that develop slowly over long periods of time.” The reasoning for this was expressed in an article about CPNN in the Journal of Peace Education: “The commercial media emphasize ‘fast news’ or what they often call ‘breaking news.’ This tends to ignore or mask the fundamental processes that make for deep historical change. The processes of historical change accumulate slowly over time. Only rarely do the contradictions arrive at a point of rupture or revolution, at which time events may take place very rapidly.”

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Public Lecture on Houphouetology or 33 Years of Côte d’Ivoire History – Video

The Félix Houphouët-Boigny Foundation for Peace Research organizes, as part of the activities of the Félix Houphouët-Boigny Year marking the 25th anniversary of the death of the father of the modern Ivory Coast, a conference on the theme: "Houphouetology or 33 years of the history of Côte d’Ivoire" hosted by Mr Rudolf Egnankou Anwumboh on Friday, December 07, 2018 from 4 pm in Yamoussoukro.

Conférence Publique sur l'Hpouhouëtologie ou 33 ans de l'histoire de la Côte d'Ivoire: DIRECT - LIVE

La Fondation Félix Houphouët-Boigny pour la Recherche de la Paix organise dans le cadre des activités de l' Année Félix Houphouët-Boigny marquant les 25 ans de la disparition du père de la Côte d'Ivoire moderne, une conférence sur le thème: ''l'Houphouëtologie ou 33 ans de l'histoire de la Côte d'Ivoire" animée par M. Rudolf Egnankou Anwumboh le vendredi 07 décembre 2018 à partir de 16H à Yamoussoukro.#AnnéeFHB2018 #FelixHouphouetBoigny #FHB #Yakro #Yamoussoukro #FONDATIONFHB #RadioDeLaPaix #PAIX #UNESCO #ISESCO #UA #CRECP #EPP #DIALOGUE #CIV #CI #CIV225 #CI225 #Réconciliation #CivPaix #Houphouetologue #houphouetologie #Houphouetology #Houphouetphile

Gepostet von La Radio de la Paix am Freitag, 7. Dezember 2018

Conference: “Peace and National Reconciliation”

The Félix Houphouët-Boigny Foundation for Peace Research organizes on the occasion of the National Day of Peace and as part of the FHB Year 2018, a public conference on the theme; "Peace and National Reconciliation" on Thursday, November 15, 2018 at 4 pm at its headquarters in Yamoussoukro.

Speaker: Dr. Raphael Komenan Ya.

Conférence Publique sur la Paix et la Réconciliation Nationale: DIRECT - LIVE

La Fondation Félix Houphouët-Boigny pour la Recherche de la Paix organise à l'occasion de la Journée Nationale de la #Paix et dans le cadre de l'#AnnéeFHB2018, une conférence publique sur le thème; "la Paix et la #Réconciliation nationale" le jeudi 15 novembre 2018 à 16 heures à son siège à #Yamoussoukro.Orateur: Docteur Raphael Komenan Ya.#AnnéeFHB2018 #FelixHouphouetBoigny #FHB #Yakro #Yamoussoukro #FONDATIONFHB #RadioDeLaPaix #PAIX #UNESCO #ISESCO #UA #CRECP #EPP #DIALOGUE #CIV #CI #CIV225 #CI225 #Réconciliation #CivPaix #Houphouetologue #houphouetologie #Houphouetology #Houphouetphile #JNP2018 #JPOFFHB2018 #TeamOfPeace

Gepostet von La Radio de la Paix am Donnerstag, 15. November 2018
Conférence Publique sur la Paix et la Réconciliation Nationale: DIRECT - LIVE

La Fondation Félix Houphouët-Boigny pour la Recherche de la Paix organise à l'occasion de la Journée Nationale de la #Paix et dans le cadre de l'#AnnéeFHB2018, une conférence publique sur le thème; "la Paix et la #Réconciliation nationale" le jeudi 15 novembre 2018 à 16 heures à son siège à #Yamoussoukro.Orateur: Docteur Raphael Komenan Ya.#AnnéeFHB2018 #FelixHouphouetBoigny #FHB #Yakro #Yamoussoukro #FONDATIONFHB #RadioDeLaPaix #PAIX #UNESCO #ISESCO #UA #CRECP #EPP #DIALOGUE #CIV #CI #CIV225 #CI225 #Réconciliation #CivPaix #Houphouetologue #houphouetologie #Houphouetology #Houphouetphile #JNP2018 #JPOFFHB2018 #TeamOfPeace

Gepostet von La Fondation Félix Houphouët-Boigny pour la Recherche de la Paix am Donnerstag, 15. November 2018